betway88客户端下载小聊设计思想的上扬。Design Thinking 概览。

供销社半年会后四处都在说话计划思想,各处都于加油。我们领导人还是生跟得达潮流的嘛。因以哈佛经贸评论和福布斯的简报后“设计思想”在买卖中受周边关注及实行起来。前几年美国甲级商学院就用计划思想(design
thinking)纳入课程体系,斯坦福大学建立D.School等。在John
Maeda《科技中的计划》年报告,很多那个商家跟独角兽的奠基者或高层里都来设计师在里,像IBM和麦肯锡前段时间宣布了那个最为尖端职业中针对设计师的除。从04年至2016年起跨越50下知名规划企业为收购,其中15,16年来26小。可见设计在商业的强调,及设计思想的燥热。虽然很火,可能多人数认为他如VR、大数目、共享自行车等正兴起的。实际上,“设计思想”(实际也是计划)做啊同种方法就走过了一致段未亏的开拓进取历史了。何不歇一下,了解一下前身和近况也。做扫尾桌面研究后即使花费了碰时整治了该文,把由工业时代到今影响设计思想的人选做只稍介绍,因涉及内容实在是无与伦比多矣,被加大上来的,纯粹是圈什么人耳熟能详,哪些人记录的详细些,不对的地方要指正,感谢伟大的互联网,感谢呢计划思想付诸实践的“先烈”们。

作者:Thomas Lockwood, University of Westminster PhD, Integrated design
Management.

1960面前 包豪斯的计划性思想,人文与铺张,国际现代主义和大众文化

经历工业革命,大萧条和二战后底工业设计。 兼顾效率生产及美学为主底时。

Design Thinking 概览

计划思想本质上是为用户为基本,强调考察,协作,快速学习,视觉化点子,快速概念原型,兼商业分析,最终影响创新与生意策略的创新过程。他的目的是拿消费者,设计师和商贸人士组成至成品、服务或买卖的宏图过程及。它是想像未来状态与拿活,服务和体验带顶市场达成的家伙。设计思想术语上来拘禁像是应用设计师的敏锐性与方式解决问题,不管问题是怎样的。它不克代表专业设计师或艺术及手艺设计,但其是诱发创新之同种方法。

计划思想的几只关键条件:

1.基受现场调研深入明消费者

2.同用户与复合型团队联手协作,寻找突破性创新、显著升级与多新价值高达

3.通过视觉化,亲手体验和高效原型来增速学习,快速获得用户反映。目标是透过快速多次之挫折来博创新。

4.原型化,可以是概念草图,粗糙的物理模块,或故事角色板,或平等组场景故事等

5.互动进行买卖分析,是老要紧的一些。

彼得·贝伦斯(Peter Behrens)

彼得·贝伦斯,德国建筑师,工业规划之先驱,第一个当代艺术设计师,是一代人的大王,包括无与伦比闻名的现代主义建筑师
密斯·范德罗(坚持”少就是凡差不多“的构哲学),勒·柯布西耶(功能主义之大),瓦尔特·格罗皮乌斯(包豪斯创办人),这三人口都于外的工作室为他工作过。他是首先个尝试综合工艺与技术结合的设计师。

Design Thinking / Design management / Design Leadership / Design strategy 的区别

作者的意是,
设计思想是同一栽助发现非显性的急需或会,帮助创建新的化解方案的法门。设计管理偏重于治本与首长设计团队,过程和计划性产出物(产品、服务、沟通、环境以及相)。设计负责人和筹划策略更多考虑的凡规划思想以及统筹管理之效率与出现物上。

包豪斯:全新设计策略的育

1919年格罗皮乌斯在德国创立包豪斯,是率先所拿贝伦斯的想法应用及高等教学中。密斯是最后一至校长。1930年当纳粹的压力下关闭,学校的设计师们还搬于美国,二战后包豪斯的设计哲学(平衡术、科学、技术、批量生产)引领美国底计划性思想,随着这些人口在美国各个处落脚,设计之想想运动吧于全美各地开。

计划思想在商业、品牌,服务规划,客户体验上

履新驱动商业的差距,设计使得创新。

可是咱的题目早已远超过了买卖问题,像MIT和哈佛以缓解的题材已是系统层面的题目,像咱的食供给体系,儿童肥胖,急救健康等,作为一个设计师以及设计思考者,有诸如此类的时机去化解这样的问题是多的欣喜,通过协调会影响以及反社会问题。

筹协作和咨询在美国腾飞启动

1920-1930里边和包豪斯同发生影响的美国工业与图片设计师,像 Harley Earl,
Henry Dreyfuss, Walter Dorwin Teague, and Donald
Desky(都是当美国落地之),这些设计师将规划协作和咨询用在实践上,与包豪斯的育合影响在美国的图像和工业规划。

  • 哈利·厄尔 Harley
    Earl
    ,首号在设计汽车上以市场细分策略的设计师

    Chevrolet Corvette

  • 雷蒙德·洛威 Raymond
    Loewy
    ,设计咨询升级现有技术活
    以无更改任何技术下,通过结合美学、材料、制造大大改观十分年代丑陋之家电产品,第一员上上《时代》的设计师。他的统筹不同为包豪斯的“形式从功能”(Form
    Follows
    Function),较偏于市场主义的“形式从市场”,他都说了:“当商品以同之标价与成效下竞争,设计虽是绝无仅有的出入”。他起及时最好可怜的统筹企业,接授设计委托,并盖“洛威设计”的名义发表,“洛威设计”在特别年代是均等种良好设计的意味、销售保障的代名词,这等同作法在今天为会见于一些计划企业。

    洛威底“阿汎提”设计草图,1963年

  • 亨利·德雷福斯 Henry
    Dreyfuss
    ,把人因因素做吧产品的为主设计
    在该1955年的登的《Designing for
    People》一如既往写中阐释了因为人乎仍的统筹理念,以食指啊骨干的宏图极端早实践者和创始人。

    Designing for People 书中节选

  • 保罗·兰德 Paul
    Rand
    ,将品牌识别及国际主义相结合
    IBM,ABC,FEEDX,西屋、NeXT等视觉系统的统筹,将包豪斯倡导的现世艺术及设计思想以及美学原则,应用至商业服务规划受到。

    IBM

ABC

“Design is relationship. Design is a relationship between form and
content.”

  • 乔治·尼尔森和查里斯夫妇,为家及办公系统规划
    1945年乔治·尼尔森以Herman
    Miller做设计总监时虽把规划思想带进了家电概念设计中,设计师不以单干而是与同一浩大的设计师从网环境之角度来拘禁产品设计。在当时无异眼光与方针下查里斯同雷·埃蒙斯设计了Eames
    Loung
    Chair。Charles经常鼓励工作人员多举行试验,他既说他的想望不畏是“和那些从为毫无用处之种之丁联袂坐班。这样见面磕磕碰碰出新构思之火舌。”

    Eames Loung Chair

Chapter 1 Notes on the Evolution of Design Thinking: A Work in Progress

进步中的宏图思想

by Craig M. Vogel, Director of Center for Design Research and
Innovation, College of Design Architecture, Art and Planning, University
of Cincinnati

1960-1980 建立统筹执行,设计活动集中

筹执行以短短的20年时间跨度里,不仅再次定义了统筹是啊,更是印证了它们好用来做呀。这个相对短但非常密集的级差于中外限量外出生了点儿栽了不同之规划方式。
60年代的美国=设计科学
60年间的美国,工业设计与产品设计取得的首先微步的腾飞是明媒正娶及自工程以及不错区分出。但他们连不曾挪动得重新远,工业设计还是非同小可基于可量化,可度量的问题以及事件。设计工作室通常在高等学校实验室或工厂,不像今天之工作室以镇里发出像咖啡厅一样的点缀。
表示有像MIT的Fuller建立多学科的才女团队拓展创新。

60年代斯堪的纳维亚=协同计划
当同样期,Fuller不同的斯堪的纳维亚设计,通过特邀大学与设计讨论。这些设计师扮演促进者或指导者角色,每个人与学者到工人或居民一起规划他们感念如果动用的制品或者劳务。开发了许多冲天创新的型,像Utopia,NJMF,DEMOkratiske
Stryringssystemer,DEMOS等援助工人,工会,工作场合,政府部门应本着持续转变之条件。
这种工作办法一直适用于我们现领的劳动计划,这种工作措施严重依赖设计师的尽头做边筹划及引,使用工具如”Mock-up
envisionment(模拟设想)”,未来围绕,组织游戏,合作原型,人种学领域研究,社会考察等来新想法要改善现有。高度与
和佚代,集体讨论。
及20世纪80年代中期,因为电脑的普及与HCI(人机交互)的向上,斯堪的纳维亚底协作企划终于迈出大西洋过来美国,被普遍地称为参与式设计。

PETER BEHRENS: CORPORATE IDENTITY AND BRAND DIFFERENTIATION

Peter Behrens (14 April 1868 – 27 February 1940) was a
German
architect
and
designer.
He was important for the modernist
movement,
and several of the movement’s leading names (including Ludwig Mies van
der
Rohe,
Le
Corbusier
and Walter
Gropius)
worked for him in earlier stages of their careers. He was one of the
first designers who tried to synthesize the two polar positions of
technology and craft.

彼得·贝伦斯,德国建筑师,工业规划的前人,第一各当代艺术设计师,是当代人的能工巧匠,包括无与伦比有名的现代主义建筑师
密斯·范德罗(坚持”少就凡是差不多“的建造哲学),勒·柯布西耶(功能主义之大),瓦尔特·格罗皮乌斯(包豪斯创办人),这三人数犹当他的工作室为外干活了。他是率先单尝试综合工艺及技术结合的设计师。

Buckminister Fuller 的正确性统筹

1956年起以MIT 创意工程实验室教授CADS(Comprehensive Anticipatory Design
Science)。他的实验室应用科学方法有设计。Fuller的法子成立于工程师、工业设计师、材料专家、化学专家的精英团队的底子及拓展翻新。代表作品有:Geodesic
Domestic, the Dymaxion car, Triton city, the “Fly’s Eye” Dome等。

the Dymaxion car

“设计师是综合了艺术家,发明家,机械师,经济专家以及政策让同身。”

The BAUHAUS: A NEW DESIGN STRATEGY FOR EDUCATION

包豪斯:全新设计策略的教诲

1919年格罗皮乌斯在道创建包豪斯,是首先所拿贝伦斯的想法应用及高等教学中。密斯是终极一顶校长。1930年于纳粹的压力下关闭,学校的设计师们都搬于美国,二战后包豪斯的筹划哲学(平衡术、科学、技术、批量生产)引领美国之统筹思想,随着这些口当美国每处落脚,设计之想运动吧在全美各地开。

Scandinavian 协同计划

50年份为简要、少、功能性,具有包容性和民主性为特点的一点一滴有别于其他设计方式的Scandinavian设计活动,在北欧国家一直本着系到今日。受语言的绊脚石使得这同样活动没有记录并传到更广大。60年代的Scandinavian协同计划于计算机的人机交互和服务统筹及闹不少底前行。

Chairs at the Danish Design Center, Denmark

CORPORATE AND CONSULTING DESIGN IN THE UNITED STATES,设计协作与咨询在美国之开拓进取

1920-1930中及包豪斯同来震慑之美国工业以及图表设计师,像 Harley Earl,
Henry Dreyfuss, Walter Dorwin Teague, and Donald
Desky(都是于美国出生之),这些设计师将规划协作和咨询用在实践上,与包豪斯的启蒙上联合影响在美国之图像以及工业设计。

Harley Earl and General Motors: Market Segmentation in the Auto Industry

Harley Earl 美国首位在规划汽车及用市场分策略,1927-1959

Raymond Loewy, Design Consultant: Updating Existing Technology

Loewy merged aesthetics, materials, and manufacturing to transform the
loud and ugly electric refrigerator of the 1920s into a modern kichen
appliance. The consumer response was immediate. In one year, sales of
Sears’s Cold Spot increased from 65,000 to 250,000 units – without any
significant change in core technology.

Henry Dreyfuss: Integrating Human Factors as a Core Component of Product
Design

Dreyfuss developed a more scientific approach to human factors and
integrated that perspective with product aesthetics. “to develop
individuals who will be competent to change their environment to greater
conformity with moral ideals.” This became the basis for Dreyfuss’s
human-centered approach. He expressed those ideas in his 1955 book,
Designing for people. Dreyfuss was a more articulate practitioner of
human-centered design than was Loewy.

Paul Rand and Elliot Noyes: Corporate Identity and the International
Movement

Noyes was educated as an architect at Harvard and studied under Gropius
and Bauhaus furniture designer Marcel Breuer. Rand, for his part, was
heavily influenced by what had come to be called the Swiss Style of
graphic design and helped to build a relationship between Switzerland’s
Basel school of Design and Yale University.

One of the first strategic design decisions Rand and Noyes conceived for
international Business Machines was to reduce its long and awkward name
to IBM. Modern identities, they believed, needed to be easy to read and
pronounce in all applications and all languages. The new logo and
identity system was integrated with an approach to curtain wall
architecture that was applied to the new buildings at IBM, as well as to
the outer panel construction design of mainframe computer systems.

George Nelson and Charles and Ray Eames: System Design for Home and Work

When George Nelson was appointed design director for Herman Miller in
1945, he brought a new level of design thinking to the concept of
furniture design for the home and office.

Modern office buildings were being designed using a systematic approach,
and Nelson saw the interior office landscape similarly-as a potential
opportunity for the application of modular design design systems. Each
individual piece of furniture would act as one in a series of flexible
parts with multiple configurations that would fit the modern open office
that had come into being in the 1950s and ’60s.

The husband-and-wife team of Charles and Ray Eames contributed some of
their most important designs under this new strategy. Both of them
studied at Michigan’s Cranbrook Academy of Art, and both were influenced
by Finnish architect Eliel Saarinen. The Eames lounge chair and airport
seating solution, for Herman Miller, are two of the most influential
design projects of the twentieth century.

The ideas and work of Charles and Ray Eames represent a unique and vital
branch of design thinking. Their work is as powerful and influential as
that of Frank Lloyd Wright; yet they are virtually unknown outside of
the fields of design and architecture.

Herbert A. Simon

西蒙于1969出版的人工科学中,给规划一个初的归类和限。西蒙认为全的统筹应吃视为人造品,是本来的对立面。

“The engineer, and more generally the designer, is concerned with how
things ought to be — how they ought to be in order to attain goals,
and to function.”

“Everyone designs who devises courses of action aimed at changing
existing situations into preferred ones.”

FROM PRODUCT TO ENVIRONMENT AND SOCIAL CHANGE

In 1975 Bill Hannon founded the Design Management Institute(DMI) in
Boston, Massachusetts. This was the first professional organization in
the world dedicated to improving the role of design in business, and
helped to define design management as a new practice.

In 1976 Victor Papanek published his Design for the Real World, asking
designers to see the potential of design thinking for social and
environmental responsibility. He accused designers of catering to the
small percentage of consumers who have everything, while ignoring those
in lower income levels and emerging economies, as well as people with
disabilities.

In 1982, Ralph Caplan wrote in By design that Mahatma Gandhi’s concept
of nonviolent protest was one of the most effective design solutions in
history.

The Nobel laureate Herb Simon stated that there are really two types of
science. One concerns the world humans are responsible for producing(the
science of the artificial), and the other concerns the world in which
humans evolved(the science of the natural).

Science, engineering, and technology factor shifts have occurred in each
decade in the last century, opening new opportunities for designers. The
key ingredient for business success is the presence of both an
innovative CEO who sees design as an investment, not a cost, and a
strategic design director or consultant who can place the value of the
design at the center of the company. If either one leaves, the value of
design is jeopardized.
把规划作为是斥资于,是无是资产;设计策略是信用社的骨干;这片沾缺一不可才可能当今天及前景改成创新使得之店铺。

维克多·帕帕奈克 也真实世界计划

1971年
帕帕奈克的《为真世界计划》给当时的规划行业投下了千篇一律粒很炸弹。帕帕奈克提出自己对此规划目的性的新见解,即设计应该为广大老百姓服务;设计不仅当也正规人服务,同时还非得考虑为残疾人服务;设计应当认真考虑地球的有数资源采取问题,设计应
为保安我们居住的地球之有限资
源服务。维克多·帕帕奈克对绿色设计思潮有了直白影响,他首浅提出了规划伦理的观念,即设计为何?在“波普”设计活动的平等切开喧嚣的风潮中,开始有人打计划性理论的角度严肃提出“设计目的”问题。这对当代规划之五常、现代规划的目的性理论来说,是十分主要之一个起点。正缘发此起点,日后的规划理论才起了进一步深入的升华。

Chapter 2 The Designful Company by Marty Neumeier

2008 Survey of Wicked Problems

  1. Balancing long-term goals with short-term demands
  2. Predicting returns on innovative concepts
  3. Innovating at the increasing speed of change
  4. Winning the war for world-class talent
  5. Combining profitability with social responsibility
  6. Protecting margins in a commoditizing industry
  7. Multiplying success by collaborating across silos
  8. Finding unclaimed yet profitable market space
  9. Addressing the challenge of eco-sustainability
  10. Aligning strategy with customer experience

A wicked problem is a puzzle so persistent, pervasive, and slippery that
it can seem insoluble.

Business at bottom is not mechanical but human. Today, we find that
innovation without emotion is uninteresting. Products without aesthetics
are not compelling, brands without meaning are undesirable, and business
without ethics is unsustainable. The management model that got us here
is underpowered to move us forward. To succeed, the new model must
replace the win-lose nature of the assembly line with the win-win nature
of the network.

商贸的底线无是机械而是人数。今天,我们发现创新没有情感是没有意思的。产品未抖是未曾可比性的,品牌未曾意思价值是休见面时有发生欲望想如果的,而买卖没有伦理是不足持续的。

The sure cure for Deming’s diseases, as well as for the top ten wicked
problems, is design. It’s the accelerator for the company car, the
powertrain for sustainable profits. Design drives innovation, innovation
powers brand, brand builds loyalty, and loyalty sustains profits. If you
want long-term profits, don’t start with technology-start with design.

There are really only two main components for business success: brands
and their delivery. All other activities- operations, finance,
manufacturing, marketing, sales, communications, human relations,
investor relations- are subcomponents.

Horst Rittel, “Wicked Problem”的发起人

首批聚焦让规划艺术理论的研究者之一,与外的先辈们不同,他主张人的体会和感触在统筹时之关键。第一蹩脚将气象学引入到体验设计着。

1980-1990 第二代表设计思想理论的起

斯时代人们将持有莫大创意的设计师以及日常的统筹区分开来,把这些设计师在显微镜下研究,试着摸有什么让他俩灵感大爆发。在Nigel
Gross和Donald
Schön等研究员调查研究这些设计师独立工作经常,及团伙协作时之规划过程。从社会对角度他们注意到无是私有要国有协作时设计创意无限要害的是设计师的思维模式。这些计划过程的检察为后来其它事情进行创造性思维打开了大门。

Nigel Gross

Nigel
Gross在研设计艺术之前是人机交互领域的研究员。在外的精本《Designerly
ways of
Knowing》研设计师的构思以及裁定方法和其它正规不同的是啊?这对构建统筹思想有着充分挺的震慑。

“Everyone can — and does — design. We all design when we plan for
something new to happen, whether that might be a new version of a
recipe, a new arrangement of the living room furniture, or a new lay
tour of a personal web page. […] So design thinking is something
inherent within human cognition; it is a key part of what makes us
human.”

Donald Alan Schön

Donald Schön
背景是MIT的城市规划的任课和哲学家,他的大部干活于反对60年份的规划专业的技术性。他付出之反思实践,对于规划过程的成十分主要。他的干活不仅大大影响了统筹,而且影响了组织上世界。

“The reflective practitioner allows himself to experience surprise,
puzzlement, or confusion in a situation which he finds uncertain or
unique. He reflects on the phenomenon before him, and on the prior
understandings which have been implicit in his behaviour. He carries
out an experiment which serves to generate both a new understanding of
the phenomenon and a change in the situation.”

1990-2005 服务统筹与众多统筹工具的起

其一时期,设计之界定第二浅扩大。在90年份初设计的限制从创造人工制品扩大至互相与服务达标。这种转移支持自Buchanan的《设计思想中之强暴问题》一题探讨了设计缓解复杂问题、模糊目标的潜力。
顶2003年,欧洲到处之高校以及卡内基梅隆在到处开始上课服务计划。服务规划之起来,及复杂问题给出新的宏图艺术工具提供了好条件,包括为非设计师和参与筹划之家伙。

Donald Norman, User-Centered Design

咀嚼是、人坐工等设计领域的红世界。在1988年出版的《日常的宏图》提出
“UCD”以用户也核心的统筹。
我们具有的设计应该根据“适合用记”这个简单的概念模型。他的眼光的为主是“我们日常生活中的多数知识都当条件达标,而非是以脑子里”,以用户为主干的点子好理解用户之求以及发现左,并采取行动解决。诺曼的UCD设计思想开辟了初的计划性方法视角。

Richard Buchanan,整合设计

Buchanan 原卡梅隆设计学院的管理者,他透过以Rittel和Simon
的理论与
Ezio
Manzini的规划执行互关联,重新讨论了规划以解决Wicked
Problems中的角色,在1992登之《Wicked Problems in Design
Thinking》中画了一如既往长长的规划思想到创新的路子。在后头的有关计划思想的《Design
as a New Liberal
Art》中说设计开呢正式的力量是“整合”,也许是因专业性的缺乏,所以它们再发出连续各个学科的或许。

Design has no subject matter — that’s what make this a powerful
discipline. We MAKE our subject matter.

Liz Sanders 工具先导者

Sanders,实验心理学与人类学的PhD. ,Make
Tools的主创者,是使用设计研究世界的先驱。今天广大因人数吧主干的统筹与筹划思想被利用的工具,技术及措施都得归入她。她为是协作规划工具箱的合伙人,对于规划研究感兴趣的食指的话,这个是一个实用的指针。

Convivial ToolBox

This human-centered design revolution is causing us to rethink the
design process. In order to drive the human-centered design
revolution, we need to tap into the imaginations and dreams not only
of designers, but also of everyday people. New design spaces are
emerging in response to everyday people’s needs for creativity.

IDEO 融汇者

IDEO

IDEO1991年不时由于三下设计企业联合而变成,分别是David Delley
Design(斯坦福教授 David Kelley 创建),Based在伦敦的Moggridge
Associates和以旧金山的ID-Two(两者都是由Bill Moggridge创建), 及 Matrix
Product Design(由Mike Nuttall
创建)。大约在Buchanan构建统筹思想的以,IDEO完成了三个企业之联合,在未来底十年提高中,从学界以及统筹执行吸引了千篇一律批判好有影响力的总人口在。
和同时期的计划企业不同,他们又请了人类学,商业战略,教育或者健康等不等世界的大家来指点和扩大他们计划团队以及流程。这个差不多学科团队的方针在起来几年后取得了许多的光荣。
自此她俩初步推广设计思想和因人数乎核心的设计,在d.school推出了教育计划,撰写书本,并以全球之高等学校实践推广。

David & Tom Kelley

IDEO两只大家当跟教化工作,Kelley兄弟都是畅销书的撰稿人。
他们还擅长设计到小卖部管理。他们合作之题《创新自信力》,讲述创新创意的见解,帮助个人和机构释放潜能,树立创新自信。
赶快前的Tom
Kelley的《创新的方》里展示了IDEO创新思想。

“It turns out that creativity isn’t some rare gift to be enjoyed by
the lucky few — it’s a natural part of human thinking and behavior. In
too many of us it gets blocked. But it can be unblocked. And
unblocking that creative spark can have far-reaching implications for
yourself, your organization, and your community.” Tom Kelley

Tim Brown

[Tim Brown]
(https://www.ideo.com/people/tim-brown)IDEOIDEO)的CEO和工业设计师,
Brown一直是计划思想以及更新的主动倡导者 ,Design
thinking。他著述了很多对莫设计师运用规划思想方面的文章,其中规划变更整个,设计思想如何变革组织与刺激创新。

In order to survive in today’s complex world, organizations need to
generate, embrace, and execute on new ideas. That takes creativity and
a creatively capable workforce. It’s the secret sauce, or in
evolutionary terms, it’s what keeps you fit. Organizations without it
can’t compete.

Jane Fulton Suri

来心理学和建造学背景的IDEO 教母之如之Jane,
一直致力为付出多IDEO以人口呢按照之筹划工具。引用其当IDEO的过程“她开了移情观察与体验原型的技巧,现在为大用于产品、服务及条件,及系统、组织以及方针的换代以及设计达到。”她的修《Thoughtless
Acts?》
展示了直观测和统筹灵感中的涉及。她多年来撰文了《Design
Ethics》的短篇。

Bill Moggridge

英国举世瞩目产品设计师,工业规划教学,交互设计以及IDEO创始人。他盖采纳人性工程设计理论,同时为是今天产品设计主流理论的开发者。他设计了第一玉贝壳式笔记本电脑,至今以是笔记本的主流外型。他著述的《关键设计报告》介绍了相互设计的史,从Douglas
Engelbart到Will
Wright
到 Larry
Page
和 Sergey
Brin。

I don’t think that anyone has really told (people) what design is. It
doesn’t occur to most people that everything is designed — that every
building and everything they touch in the world is designed. Even
foods are designed now. So in the process of helping people understand
this, making them more aware of the fact that the world around us is
something that somebody has control of, perhaps they can feel some
sense of control, too. I think that’s a nice ambition.

2002-现在 设计思想在商贸领域站据了一个至关重要的职务

由20年前设计思想开始吃提及,经历了无数之迭代,最近才获认可。
设计咨询公司连“IDEO”,
数码智能设计企业只要“青蛙”,软件设计公司一旦“思特沃克”,服务统筹企业如“肯定牛”等还当02-08年光景开始调整自己之商贸战略,现在都改成企划行业的领先者。国内的店铺变更较晚到了2013年左右才开调整,像Eico
Design。
若是买卖擅长的铺像麦肯锡等,也当2014年起通过收购计划企业拓展战略性之变革。[科技中的设计\ 2017](https://link.jianshu.com?t=https://designintechreport.files.wordpress.com/2017/03/dit-2017-1-0-1c-1.pdf)
劳务统筹领域的发展创造了合作计划和介入计划之初工具与流程。多学科团队的搭档企划这同一变动打开了内部创新,使设计过程对每个人重复透明与实惠。除了以计划领域在生意领域为开以用计划思想与协作规划之履。Fuad
Luke,Sanders 和Manzini就是这块的先行者。
通向包容性迈进的变动。随着智能手机的推广,微软提出如果面向群众的筹划,带在前所未有的包容性去思想和劳作[Inclusive\ design\ at\ Microsoft](https://link.jianshu.com?t=https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/design/inclusive)

Alistair Fuad-Luke

Fuad-Luke平等各类自称为业内规划主持人、教育家、作家和活动家,目前正在授课后来之筹划执行。他的类别强调和社区和村办,社会福得和替代经济系统之绽开,合作,共同设计。他的开《Design
Activism》和《The
Eco-Design
Handbook》座谈设计在可持续发展中的打算。

Deborah Szebeko

Szebeko23秋时于英国起了ThinkPublic社会设计部门,专门从事公共部门和非政府组织的设计与创新。用合作计划重点关注社会问题,他们曾经得到了差不多起桂冠。

We use a mixture of design processes. We’ve got a diversity of
designers, including service designers, graphics designers,
information designers, programmers, marketers, social scientists,
positive psychologists, and even anthropologists. This diversity of
experts bring different techniques related to their disciplines, and
this mixture creates a unique design process — we call it a co-design
process — whereby we capture public views.

Inclusive Design at Microsoft

Kat
holmes微软首席设计总监,随着智能装备的一般,科技产品应该关心群众,应该往包容性迈进转变。设计个性具有包容,通过辨认排他性,我们能够起对那些在日常生活中同不被欢迎的规划接触的用户建由及理心。

Inclusive Design at Microsoft

因为资源来以下:
[1] Thomas Lockwood. Design Thinking (Design Management Institue,
2009)
[2] John Maeda. Design In Tech Report(2016,2017)
[3] Jo Szczepanska. What is design thinking, why do I keep hearing
about
it?
[4] A BRIEF HISTORY OF DESIGN THINKING: THE
THEORY
[5] 大卫·瑞兹曼. 现代设计史
[6] Stefanie Di Russo.Understanding the behaviour of design thinking
in complex environments(2016)
[7] Rikke Dam, Teo Siang. What is Design Thinking and Why Is It So
Popular?
[8] Sean Van Tyne. Design Thinking: A Brief
History

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